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2018年12月英语四级词汇考点归纳:that

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  英语四级词汇考点归纳:that

  A complicating factor is that merit aid has become so popular with middle-income families, who don't qualify for need-based aid, that many have come to depend on it.

  英语四级译文:

  一个复杂的因素是,奖学金已经受到那些不符合助学金条件的中等收入家庭的欢迎,很多人开始依赖奖学金了。

  四级词汇讲解:

  本句的主干是factor is that。句中第一个that引导的是表语从句,该表语从句中包含so...that…的句型结构,其中that引导的是结果状语从句。而两个逗号之间who所引导的是middle-income families的非限制性定语从句。

  become popular with的意思是“受……的喜爱,欢迎”,也可以说be popular with。如:

  This young teacher is popular with students.这位年轻的老师很受学生的喜爱。

  qualify for的意思是“有资格,有权(要求)”。如:

  He doesn't qualify for unemployment benefit.他没有资格获得失业救济金。

  come to do sth.的意思是“逐渐开始做某事”。如:

  They have finally come to believe that.他们终于开始相信那件事了。

  depend on的意思是“依靠,依赖”。如:

  Children always depend on their parents,孩子们总是依赖父母。

  英语四级考点归纳:

  so...that...意为“太,以至于”,常用句型为“主语+谓语+so+adj./adv.+that从句”,以so... that...引导的结果状语从句可以转换成带不定式的简单句,即可转换为...enough to...或too...to...句型,但这种转换必须符合下列条件:

  ※ 当主句和从句的主语一致,且that从句是肯定句时,可用...enough to...来替换。如:

  The man is so strong that he can lift the heavy box. =The man is strong enough to lift the heavy box.这个人非常强壮,可以抬起很重的箱子。

  ※ 当主句和从句的主语不一致,且that从句是肯定句时,可以用...enough for sb. to do sth.来替换,但须注意不定式的宾语要省略。如:

  The question is so easy that I can work it out. =The question is easy enough for me to work out.这个问题很容易,我能解答出来。

  ※ 当主句和从句的主语一致,且that从句是否定句时,可以用too...to...来替换。如:

  I was so tired that I couldn't go on with the work. =I was too tired to go on with the work.我太累了,没法继续工作。

  ※ 当主句和从句的主语不一致,且that从句是否定句时,如果要用too...to...替换so...that... ,需用介词for引出动词不定式的逻辑主语,即用too...for sb. to do sth.来替换,注意不定式的宾语要省略。如:

  It is so hot that we can't sleep. = It is too hot for us to sleep.天气太热了,我们无法入睡。

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